Indeed Android has come a long way and the story of Android is nothing less than inspirational, bringing about a transformation in the mobile app development industry. Launched back in 2008, Android's smartphone OS Market Share now hovers around 85%. Furthermore, volumes are expected to grow at a five-year CAGR of 2.4%, with shipments approaching 1.41 billion in 2022.
Android adoption has grown by leaps and bounds, knocking out competitors in the race of innovation and market share. With each year, Android is continuing with new techniques and tools in mobile apps development. All the changes are aimed at simplifying development process, as well as incorporating best practices in user experience and design.
Each year brings with it new ideas, innovations and trends signifying changes. Very often innovation epitomizes trends of tomorrow. Before you take a plunge in exploring and riding on the waves of changes or hire mobile application developers to develop an app, it is important to understand the trends and its implications on Android ecosystem. Don’t just emulate changes, rather partner with a mobile application development company to capitalize on its benefits.
Here we present a quick round up of Android application development trends that will give you a better insight into what will dominate in the year 2019.
Let's take a look at Android application development trends 2020!
Continued Rise of Android Instant Apps
With Google Play Instant, Android users can tap to try out an app or game completely skipping the installation process. As Instant Apps do not require users to download the Apps, they are simple to use as a website and are operated directly from the cloud. As a result, these apps don’t take up extra space on your mobile device.
These apps eliminate the clutter of unnecessary apps on devices. Google has recently launched a number of new features for Android app developers to make it easier to build smaller apps that download faster allowing potential users to try out a new app without installing it.
Android’s new app publishing format, the Android App Bundle, is a step in the direction to offer a Google Play Instant experience quickly. The year 2019 will witness further advancements to Android Instant apps.
Android Apps Architecture
Google’s architecture guidelines define the best practices in building an Android app and recommended architecture to build high-performance and robust applications. Android architecture components serve as a good starting point to build stable apps. With Architecture components, developers can build apps with less boilerplate code and focus more on the code that makes app unique.
Android app architecture will help the Android app developer community to build stable apps and eliminate the confusion about the idle pattern for Android such as MVC, MVP, or MVVM.
Era of Emerging Technologies and Android
The focus is now towards making Google smarter and harnessing AI in all aspects right from self-driving cars to smartphones. Google’s AI-focused strategy is now increasing the reach of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning for mobile app development. Assistants are gaining popularity with each day. Several assistants are being incorporated in apps as Chatbots.
Google has already taken step in the direction by introducing “Actions” and “Slices” at Google I/O, which allow apps to integrate with Assistant directly on the device. Google wants users to spend more time on certain platforms—like Google Lens, its visual search tool designed to seamlessly search the world around you through your camera.
Android app development is taking the next leap with the amalgamation of AR/VR with AI by introducing advances in immersive technologies, including its Visual Positioning Service (VPS). This is among the latest AR technology identifying and emulating visual features in users’ surroundings.
Multiplatform development is on the rise
Kotlin/Native, a technology for compiling Kotlin to native binaries. It allows developing apps with the help of native libraries and instruments. The Kotlin compiler produces standalone executables that can function without any virtual machine. Kotlin/Native is destined to become popular in 2019.
Android devices, after iOS devices, are most used and preferred devices in the enterprises for work. A Google-led program, Android Enterprise establishes best practices of Android app in Enterprise ecosystem as well as provides complete control over apps and data owned by a business organization.
The program provides APIs and other tools for developers which offers integrated support for Android into enterprise mobility management (EMM) solutions.
Build smarter apps with machine learning
Artificial Intelligence (AI) shows the potential to bring striking transformations in the world of Android app development. This technology has the power to make unimaginable changes. It is essential to adopt changes and evolve in the world of Android app development.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) features with Android app development; many smartphones will perform advanced technology roles such as landmark recognition, image labeling, barcode scanning, face recognition, and text recognition. AI features in Android phones will be able to simplify work for users, as well as build fantastic user experience, building Android applications equipped with in-built.
- Recognition of Text: Text recognition is rendered for a mobile developer to identify the Latin alphabets on smart devices. In device recognition, this will return photographed structure documents with full text that comprises words, blocks, paragraphs, and symbols.
- Landmark recognition: It makes it extremely apparent to recognize outstanding and famous places. It principally works on the cloud and returns the result in the SDK.
- Face recognition: Detection of the image of a face and returns the boundaries and usable for the verification of photos.
- Barcode scanning: With MLKit, there are several formats of the barcode. It not only takes care of custom data but also manages few predefined events such as texting, detection of Wi-fi connection, and adding calendar events.
- Image labeling: Image labeling comes with several uses, such as if a person uploads a photo suggesting user for a TAG type of labeling, and the other one is to name the photo group in the gallery.
Android developers can use an Image Labeler app to provide interactive label the image. It is relatively easy to classify an image, give a name to rectangular ROIs (Region of Interest) and pixel semantic segmentation using this technology.
Image labeling can make the experience more interactive, and the users feel more attached to the image and objects.
Machine learning (ML) provides Android apps with the ability to automatically learn and improve from experience without being explicitly programmed to do so. This is suitable for apps that use unstructured data such as images and text or intricacies with a large number of parameters. Android provides vital support for a wide variety of machine learning tools and methods.
Rising Trend of Blockchain Technology
Blockchain technology is creating a buzz across different industries. It is expected to evolve in terms of security, public & private blockchain architecture, and consortium architecture. The blockchain mobile apps development market will boom to USD 20 billion marks by the end of 2024. Blockchain and Blockchain app development is growing in popularity to unimaginable heights. It is becoming the buzzword where even a company changes its name and business model according to the Blockchain hype is leading to higher profits.
Easy Mode of Payment
Android app is downloaded more than iOS. However, when it comes to revenue iOS still leads the way. Google is looking to bridge the revenue gap by introducing an innovative way for users in emerging markets to pay for apps: with cash. It has launched “pending transactions” to allow users to pay without a credit card or any other traditional form of online payment.
Nonavailability of credit card is a significant reasons users in emerging markets prefer free-to-play and ad-supported games as well as applications, instead of paid downloads and in-app purchases. To reach those users who rely more on cash, Google is now rolling out another payment option.
Jetpack is a suite of libraries, tools, and guidance that makes developers easily write high-quality apps. These components allow you to follow best practices, free you from producing boilerplate code, and make complex tasks easy so that you can focus on the system you care about. Android Jetpack puts all existing support libraries, architectures, and structures to cope with main issues like app management, and backward compatibility.
Google structures all things in a single pack with mainly four categories, such as architecture, foundation, UI, and behavior.
- Foundation components
Core system capabilities, Kotlin extensions, and support for automated testing.
- Architecture components
Design robust, testable, and maintainable apps. Start with classes for managing your UI (User Interface) component lifecycle and handling data persistence.
- Behavior Components
Integrate apps with Android services like notifications, permissions, sharing, and the Assistant.
- UI components
Make your mobile app not only easy but delightful to use.
Furthermore, one can run the app in different versions of the platform. It is because Android Jetpack components are built by providing backward compatibility.
The Jetpack is produced with separation of interest, testability and Kotlin Integration. It is possible to develop a high-performance and quality app using less code.
The following are the 5 top features of Android Jetpack:
- Android for Cars
- Biometrics Prompt
- Lifecycle and LiveData KTX
- ViewModel with SavedState
The year 2020 signifies a major shift for the Android app development industry. Google’s operating system is now moving towards a fast-paced, unified experience aimed to deliver on customer expectations. While android application development trends continue to come and pass by, it is important to evaluate the latest technology updates to identify and seize opportunities for your organization to create a competitive advantage.