PHP vs Node.js how to choose
Both PHP and Node.js can manage to build any applications; they are created around different architectures and concepts. If you are a startup or midsize organization, selecting between these programming languages for your web development project can be a daunting task.
Web development is a highly volatile & ever-changing field. Several new technologies and tools come up regularly, which makes it imperative to select the right language.
Created by Rasmus Lerdorf, PHP is a general-purpose, open-source, server-side scripting programming language originally designed for web development. PHP previously stood for Personal Home Page. However, it now stands for the recursive initialism PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor.
Also, the rapid increase in demand for content management systems (CMS) such as Drupal, WordPress, Shopify, and WooCommerce indicates how PHP has embraced the backend under its hood.
The best thing about using PHP is its simplicity for a newbie and several advanced features for a professional programmer. You can get going with writing simple scripts in a matter of just a few hours.
Advantages of PHP
PHP framework makes the web application development easier and allows maintenance of the code automatically. The MVC architecture in the PHP framework allows code usability and helps the separation of a file for each module separately.
Ever since its existence, PHP offers security compared to other programming languages. This makes it easy for developers to build PHP web-based apps. Furthermore, PHP offers high-end stability as compared to different programming languages. It has been in existence for a reasonably long time.
The programmers have worked on PHP, making it easy for developers to work on building PHP web-based apps. The dynamic developers’ ecosystem has fixed the bugs and issues for different versions of PHP, making it quite stable and robust.
Disadvantages of PHP
Poor Code Manageability:
Handle a large number of applications:
The technology is helpless to support a large volume of applications, and it is difficult to manage since it is not modular and simulates the fundamental features of Java language.
Top PHP Frameworks
Selecting the PHP framework for the next project is a crucial step. Many companies find it perplexing to choose the right framework. With the proliferation of several options, making the right choice seems a daunting task.
The structure must provide features & functionality, suiting your business, and project requirements. It is essential to identify the environment & purpose of a future website to make a correct framework decision.
PHP is used by the majority of websites for server-side programming. Further, web-based enterprise applications and a plethora of Facebook apps are also scripted in PHP.
Creating extremely used web Content Management Systems (CMS), including WordPress and its plugins, user-side parts of Facebook, Joomla, Drupal, Silverstripe, and others.
Enterprises right from small businesses to large enterprises, selling to online shoppers, is now a non-negotiable requirement. With frameworks like CodeIgniter and CakePHP, PHP allows eCommerce application development swiftly and simply.
Graphical user interface (GUI)
Desktop graphical user interface (GUI) based applications with tools allowing to script in PHP, compiling it into .exe capable of running standalone.
PHP can be used to build graphs and different graphical representations.
Advantages of Node.js
Easy to learn:
Fast backend Solution:
This framework may be used to service multiple ongoing events. By Node.js, the developers can make scalable solutions to maximize computer memory and CPU use based on various requests.
When we talk about Node.js, there are very limited guidelines and allied factors for web development, such as selecting a set pattern or architecture, which provides access to over thousands of different modules. There are several advantages of Node.js, such as –similarity to JS, and quick learning curve of Node.JS; it is ideal when working with huge files.
- Streaming data – File uploading in real-time, file encoding while uploading, building proxies between data layers.
- Single page apps – High response times and sharing data make it an appropriate fit for modern web applications, heavy on processing on the client-side, and sharing data between the server and the client.
- Web applications – Classic web apps on the server side, using Node JS to carry HTML. One of the main benefits in this regard is more SEO-friendly content.
- Chats / RTAs – Real-time applications, like messaging apps interfaces, Twitter, chat software across multiple devices.
- APIs – REST / JSON programming interfaces and exposing databases or web services.
- Proxy – If an app is working with external services, exporting and importing voluminous data Node.js might be the option. Deploy Node as proxy to handle connections in non-blocking way.
- Dashboards – Sophisticated system monitoring dashboards for effective tracking of user actions. Node also can visualize such interactions for you in real-time.
Benefits of Node.js Applications:
- Speed (runs on google JS engine)
- Non-blocking I/O paradigm
- Data streaming
- Real-time apps
- Unified database queries
- Easy and fast coding
- Open-source NPM repository
- Proxy server ability
- Fast development cycles
- Business logic on the server
- Appropriate for android devices
Disadvantages of Node.js
Growth of Environment:
The usage of a complex code structure is one of the things that makes NodeJs disappointing for individuals.
Drawback in managing intensive applications:
This framework can handle intensive CPU activities such as the generation of audio and videos, editions of graphics, etc. The apps made by Node are highly responsive, making it considerably challenging to develop graphic-centric applications.
Quick Comparison Between PHP vs Node.js
Synchronous and Asynchronous
PHP follows Synchronized programming process. This effectively means that you can wait until the present request is executed. For instance, any code line or function taking time to execute means the next function or line in a row has to wait till the current function is completed correctly. However, there are APIs, which support Asynchronous programming.
PHP vs Node.js Modules
Node.js comes with built-in modules such as bundled NPM (Node Package Manager). Consequently, the package management system is registered by default making the development process easy to use and publish.
PHP does not have built-in modules and requires the installation of third-party modules.
PEAR – A framework and distribution system for reusable PHP components
Composer – A tool for dependency management in PHP. Allows the developer to declare and manage the project-dependent libraries
PHP vs Node.js Framework
Node.js uses frameworks like Express, koa.js, hapi, total.js, sails.js , as well as full-stack framework such as Meteor and Derby. With these frameworks, Node helps developers robust network applications.
Before you choose any technology, your question should not be limited to just the pros and cons. Instead, it should be about using technology to suit your project requirements in a better way. Understanding the business and project logic can give you a clear idea for selecting the right technology platform for a web development project.
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